all quiet on the western front themes
From the creators of SparkNotes, something better. Included are two detailed chapters about fighting at the front and in the trenches (Chapters Four and Six). -Excerpt From, All Quiet on the Western Front, Erich Maria Remarque Instincts have been what has kept the human race alive from the dawn of time. We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck. Paul notes as he goes off on his leave and says goodbye to Kat and Kropp, "I know their every step and movements; I would recognize them at any distance" (p. 155). We provide an educational supplement for better understanding of classic and contemporary literature. Please let us know if you have any suggestions or comments or would like any additional information. Though the overall depiction of war in the novel is one of horror, dehumanization, and death, the camaraderie between Paul Bäumer and his comrades is the one ray of hope that keeps them going throughout the terrible ordeal of the war. It also focuses on the often negative physical conditions the soldiers must face in their camps when they return from the front lines. Paul is bitter about the nationalism that has forced him and countless others to enter the war, but he manages to use it for humane purposes. 19 Oct. 2020. on the Western Front tended to romanticize what war was The soldiers are also de-individualized during battle, losing their humanity. He sees the same common humanity in the French soldier Gerard Duval, whom he kills. He is no longer adapted to life in the trenches and so makes a fatal mistake. More Details, All Quiet on the Western Front: Novel Summary: Chapter 1, All Quiet on the Western Front: Novel Summary: Chapter 2, All Quiet on the Western Front: Novel Summary: Chapter 3, All Quiet on the Western Front: Novel Summary: Chapter 4, All Quiet on the Western Front: Novel Summary: Chapter 5, All Quiet on the Western Front: Novel Summary: Chapter 6, All Quiet on the Western Front: Novel Summary: Chapter 7, All Quiet on the Western Front: Novel Summary: Chapter 8, All Quiet on the Western Front: Novel Summary: Chapter 9, All Quiet on the Western Front: Novel Summary: Chapter 10, All Quiet on the Western Front: Novel Summary: Chapter 11, All Quiet on the Western Front: Novel Summary: Chapter 12, All Quiet on the Western Front: Character Profiles, All Quiet on the Western Front: Metaphor Analysis, All Quiet on the Western Front: Theme Analysis, All Quiet on the Western Front: Top Ten Quotes, All Quiet on the Western Front: Biography: Erich Maria Remarque, Thomas Jefferson: the Man, the Myth, and the Morality, Teddy Roosevelt: the Man Who Changed the Face of America, A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our, read analysis of The Horror of Modern War, read analysis of The Hypocrisy of the Older Generation. The soldier only allows that which is absolutely necessary to life to occupy his mind and dictate his actions; "all else lies buried in gloomy sleep" (p. 270). of World War I and portrays the mind-numbing terror and savagery Much of the land conflict in WWI was fought in networks of trenches dug throughout Europe, including the infamous “Western Front” in Belgium and France. Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. Comradeship is the only thing that enables the soldiers to survive in such an inhuman and deadly environment. In its depiction of the horror of war, All Quiet Nationalism is the unswerving dedication to one's homeland, and it swept Europe in the years leading up to WWI. Nonetheless, he acts empathetically on many occasions, such as comforting a former classmate who is dying from his war wounds. World War I is considered the first modern war, as it was the first conflict in which weapons like poison gas, armored tanks, and shell bombardments were used widely by both sides. literally be blown to pieces at any moment. Course Hero. These feelings are the only romanticized Remarque comments in the preface that "[This book] will try simply to tell of a generation of men who, even though they may have escaped its shells, were destroyed by the war." However, there are flashes of empathy. Each one desperately seeks power in an effort to make themselves appear stronger. Course Hero, Inc. As a reminder, you may only use Course Hero content for your own personal use and may not copy, distribute, or otherwise exploit it for any other purpose. Their collective experience bonds them in an intense way that civilian friends and family can never touch or comprehend, because the majority of their shared experience is one of intense suffering and survival. He should be moving forward but he is too fearful. idea of nationalism, showing it to be a hollow, hypocritical ideology, Have study documents to share about All Quiet on the Western Front? Use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. This intense physicalthreat also serves as an unceasing attack on the nerves, forcingsoldiers to cope with primal, instinctive fear during every wakingmoment. By Erich Maria Remarque. intense bonds of loyalty and friendship that spring up as a result Sexuality plays an important role in their all-male camaraderie; they go on amorous adventures for women (the Frenchwomen episode) or help others have sex (as when they arrange the conjugal visit for Lewandowski in the hospital). Learn how the author incorporated them and why. Learn how the author incorporated them and why. October 13, 2016. The relative vision of fear, meaninglessness, and butchery. I'm sorry, I'm not sure what you mean? Kat points out that the majority of people in France and Germany are simple folk just going about their lives: "Now just why would a French blacksmith or a French shoemaker want to attack us?" Struggling with distance learning? Stuck? The war has destroyed an entire generation of young men, leaving them “lost”—physically and psychologically maimed and unable to readjust to their past lives. was not new, but it had reached new heights of intensity in the Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. Power is a recurrent theme in All Quiet On the Western Front, in three different levels: the mindless soldier, the aspiring military official, and the boundless Kaiser. Novelguide.com is the premier free source for literary analysis on the web. In Chapter 8, Paul says, “I know nothing about them (Russian Prisoners) except that they are prisoners…Their life is obscure and guiltless.” The anti-war position is driven home again when Paul recognizes the humanity in the Russian prisoners, even though they have been declared to be his enemy. The Folly and Deceit of War In Remarque’s view, this emotional disconnection has a of war with a relentless focus on the physical and psychological All Quiet on the Western Front describes the unique physical effects of World War I in unsparing detail with its numerous graphic descriptions of horrific war wounds and decimated corpses. At the end of the novel, almost every major Paul Bäumer worries often throughout the novel that his generation is irrevocably "lost" due to their experience in the war. Throughout the book, Paul shows compassion to nearly everyone he meets. The reader is also introduced to all the new forms of assault World War I developed--tanks, airplanes, machine guns, more accurate artillery bombardment, and poisonous gas. scene in the novel. According to Paul, why does every soldier believe in chance? Power is a recurrent theme in All Quiet On the Western Front, in three different levels: the mindless soldier, the aspiring military official, and the boundless Kaiser. close friends and comrades, often in close proximity and in extremely The men of the Second Company are comrades-in-arms, closer than family or even lovers. Because All Quiet on the Western Front is If the soldier allowed himself to feel emotions, he would die far sooner, or go mad. They have seen unspeakable horrors and endured unimaginable suffering together, experiences they will never be able to share with those who did not fight. On the front, however, they quickly learn that patriotic fervor will not protect them from exploding shells or poison gas. Learn all quiet on the western front themes with free interactive flashcards. Paul Bäumer, who is deeply disillusioned by the war, often expresses his alienation. corpses and infested with lice. We have lost all feeling for one another. Disciplinarian training intent on breaking down the soldiers' individuality, and the horrors of war, bond the men in ways civilians cannot comprehend. To say that war happens because one country offends another is ridiculous, says Tjaden, since the ordinary people of each country do not feel offended. World War I begins, in some ways, as an act of patriotism: the idea that a national identity is tied to the individual identities of its people. They come to feel alienated from their families and their friends, and lose all hope for the future. The men are also left to ponder what their experience in the trenches was good for, particularly because the war they fought was not one they necessarily believed in. Paul's generation feels betrayed by its nationalistic elders like Kantorek, and by those who glorify war, such as the French brunette who is interested in Paul only as a romanticized soldier on the brink of death. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below: Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. their own power and glory. poison gas, trenches) that made killing easier and more Course Hero, "All Quiet on the Western Front Study Guide," October 13, 2016, accessed October 19, 2020, https://www.coursehero.com/lit/All-Quiet-on-the-Western-Front/. view, their real enemies are the men in power in their own nation, ideas, but the experience of fighting quickly schools them in nationalism’s Paul also experiences empathy, or a recognition of the suffering of other people, at surprising moments in the novel, including to the Russian prisoners, to a French soldier he kills, and to the patients in a military hospital. The Psychology of the Soldier Whereas war novels before All Quiet the most pressing question among his friends is who will inherit unable to imagine a future without the war and unable to remember To add to the discussion of war's destructive properties (see Brutality of war, above), Remarque comments in the epigraph that his novel is primarily for "a generation of men who, even though they may have escaped the shells, were destroyed by the war." The reality was that most had no say in the matter. Course Hero. . Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts.

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