The etymology of the slang word "cop" is not easy to trace. Press J to jump to the feed. From Middle English cop, coppe, from Old English cop, copp, from Proto-Germanic *kuppaz (“vault, basin, round object”), from Proto-Indo-European *gu-. Some countries, such as the United Kingdom have outlined command procedures, for the use in major emergencies or disorder. The many, seemingly unrelated, meanings of cop start to make sense when you know where the word comes from. https://acronyms.thefreedictionary.com/COP, He cites the withdrawal of Senator Oscar Cooper; the Economic Freedom Fighters of Liberia from the, The president had offered P2 million in bounty for each "ninja, When the system spots a violation, it alerts the traffic, Someone off-camera appeared to hurl ice at the, From my experiences on the Police Commission, I learned that most, NINEWA/ Aswat al-Iraq: Security sources reported here today that one, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, LBC's Php 80 Pasabog Promo for cash on pick up transactions, Refus Neufville attacks COP's new plan to protest, Khairpur police throw martyred cop's family out of his house, CHR to Duterte: 'Ninja cops' removal should not be by death, Davao cop who hit PNP chief deployed to ARMM, Developing a Common Operational Picture for Sustainment, Video Shows 'Racist' Cop Pouring Water On NYC Barbecue. Etymology. Police are also responsible for reprimanding minor offenders by issuing citations which typically may result in the imposition of fines, particularly for violations of traffic law. A season of blissful freedom or time in the slammer?
Police are often used as an emergency service and may provide a public safety function at large gatherings, as well as in emergencies, disasters, search and rescue situations, and road traffic collisions. First attested in English in the early 15th century, initially in a range of senses encompassing '(public) policy; state; public order', the word police comes from Middle French police ('public order, administration, government'), in turn from Latin politia, which is the Latinisation of the Greek πολιτεία (politeia), "citizenship, administration, civil polity". , Almost universally, police officers are authorized the use of force, up to and including deadly force, when acting in a law enforcement capacity. Some sources say this word related to the Dutch word kapen, with a similar meaning. It is the hypothetical source of/evidence for its existence is provided by: Sanskrit kapati "two handfuls;" Greek kaptein "to swallow, gulp down," kope "oar, handle;" Latin capax "able to hold much, broad," capistrum "halter," capere "to grasp, lay hold; be large enough for; comprehend;" Lettish kampiu "seize;" Old Irish cacht "servant-girl," literally "captive;" Welsh caeth "captive, slave;" Gothic haban "have, hold;" Old English hæft "handle," habban "to have, hold.". The word "police" comes from the Greek politeia, meaning government, which came to mean its civil administration. This page was last edited on 11 October 2020, at 06:55. 0 The meaning evolved by 18c. In the United States state laws may codify statewide qualification standards regarding age, education, criminal record, and training but in other places requirements are set by local police agencies. 271 0 obj <> endobj A person who has been deputized to serve the function of the sheriff is referred to as the deputy. [14th-15th c.]. It comes from the verb 'to cop' and started to become a noun around 1844 (first recorded use in this context)The root is the latin 'capere'.
police (n.) 1530s, "the regulation and control of a community" (similar in sense to policy (n.1)); from Middle French police "organized government, civil administration" (late 15c. cop (third-person singular simple present cops, present participle copping, simple past and past participle copped). The Gold Silver Bronze command structure is a system set up to improve communications between ground-based officers and the control room, typically, Bronze Commander would be a senior officer on the ground, coordinating the efforts in the center of the emergency, Silver Commanders would be positioned in an 'Incident Control Room' erected to improve better communications at the scene, and a Gold Commander who would be in the Control Room. r/etymology: Discuss the origins of words and phrases, in English or any other language. Sense of "evade an issue or problem" is from 1960s. Police officers are generally charged with the apprehension of suspects and the prevention, detection, and reporting of crime, protection and assistance of the general public, and the maintenance of public order. Researching "fair cop" in the Online Etymology Dictionary didn't get me very far. Related: Copped; copping.
 Although most law enforcement agencies follow some variant of the use of force continuum, where officers are only authorized the level of force required to match situational requirements, specific thresholds and responses vary between jurisdictions. Cognate with Middle Dutch koppe, kobbe (“spider”). Related: Coped; coping. Promotion is not automatic and usually requires the candidate to pass some kind of examination, interview board or other selection procedure.
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