stanley and livingstone wiki

Villages throughout the region had been burned and depopulated. [91] Writer Tim Jeal has argued that during Stanley's 1871 expedition, he treated his indigenous porters well under "contemporary standards. '[31], Tim Jeal has described how a dissatisfied Leopold destroyed as many of Stanley's early treaties as he could get his hands on, sidelined him as a negotiator, and substituted forgeries produced by new negotiators appointed by himself. Spencer Tracy plays Stanley, while Cedric Hardwicke portrays Livingstone. However, Stanley's other writings point to a secondary goal which was precisely territorial annexation. [77] Both Stanley and his colleague, Frank Pocock, loathed slavery and the slave trade and wrote about this loathing in letters and diaries at this time, which speaks against the likelihood that they sold their own men. Stanley's report on the Battle of Magdala in 1868 was the first to be published. When Leopold admitted what he really had in mind, he was explicit: "It is a question of creating a new State, as big as possible, and of running it., Page pointant vers des bases relatives à l'audiovisuel, Portail:Époque contemporaine/Articles liés, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence, Format : Noir et blanc - Son : Mono (Western Electric Mirrophonic Recording). This made him exaggerate punishments and hostile encounters. [50] In 1890, he was given the Grand Cordon of the Order of Leopold by King Leopold II.

[28] Soon after Stanley returned from the Congo, Leopold II tried to recruit him. Stanley's Congo Diaries 1-3 Dec. 1879 RMCA, Alice Pike to Stanley 17 November 1877; also 28, 13 Oct Nov and 4 December 1874; for Katie Gough Roberts see Jeal 87-88, Waller to Livingstone 12.08.1872 Rhodes House, Oxford, Stanley to Edward Levy-Lawson 17.08.1877 Russell Train Collection, J. Kirk to Lord Derby 1.05.1878 F.O. Burton was no genuine defender of Africans either, and had penned some of the worst racist insults of the 19th century. [46], The records at the National Archives at Kew, London, offer an even deeper insight and show that annexation was a purpose he had been aware of for the expedition. [88], By way of counterpoint, it may be noted that, in later in life, Stanley rebuked subordinates for inflicting needless corporal punishment. Other cast members include Nancy Kelly, Richard Greene, Walter Brennan, Charles Coburn and Henry Hull. Il s'embarque pour Zanzibar. Finally, however, two hunters tell him of a white man they call "doctor" in a village beside Lake Tanganyika.


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